The student will be able to:
  1. Describe and discuss the development of astronomy from its beginning to the present.
  2. Differentiate between geocentric and heliocentric models of the universe.
  3. Describe the concepts of parallax, precession, retrograde motion, and epicycles.
  4. Describe and discuss Kepler's laws.
  5. Describe and discuss Newton's laws of motion.
  6. Differentiate between mass and weight.
  7. Describe the types of orbits.
  8. Discuss the significance of Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation.
  9. Describe the electromagnetic spectrum.
  10. Discuss the relationship between temperature and emission of light.
  11. Compare and contrast emission and absorption of light energy.
  12. Compare and contrast reflecting and refracting telescopes.
  13. Define magnification, resolution, and light-gathering power.
  14. Calculate the magnification power of a telescope.
  15. Describe and discuss the structure, composition and processes of the sun.
  16. Differentiate between apparent and absolute magnitude.
  17. Describe how measurements of mass, temperature, distance, and composition are made for distant stars.
  18. Describe Doppler shift and how it is used to indicate relative motions.
  19. Describe and discuss the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram.
  20. Describe and discuss stellar evolution.
  21. Describe and differentiate between white dwarfs, black dwarfs, neutron stars, and black holes.
  22. Describe the Milky Way Galaxy.
  23. Compare and contrast population I and population II stars.
  24. Describe the classification system for galaxies.
  25. Discuss the red shift of galaxies and Hubble's Law.
  26. Contrast mythological and modern cosmology.
  27. Describe and discuss the Big Bang theory.
  28. Describe the general theory of relativity and its significance to the structure of the universe.
  29. Describe the atmosphere, surface, and internal structure of the earth.
  30. Describe and discuss the theory of plate tectonics.
  31. Describe and discuss the phases of the moon, and when lunar and solar eclipses could occur.
  32. Describe the surface features of the moon, its synchronous rotation, and lunar structure.
  33. Compare and contrast the planets and other members of the solar system.

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